As car owners, we rely on our vehicles to transport us safely from one place to another. However, sometimes the unforeseen happens, and you find yourself stuck with a defective car, also known as a “lemon.” You may have tried to resolve the issue with the dealership or manufacturer but to no avail. In such cases, it’s crucial to know your legal rights as a consumer. This is where the California Lemon Law comes in.


What Qualifies As A Lemon Car Under California Law

California law defines a vehicle as a “lemon car” if its defect or non-conformity significantly inhibits its use, value, or safety and cannot be repaired after a reasonable number of repair attempts by the manufacturer or its authorized dealer.

To be considered a lemon car, the vehicle must meet the following criteria:

  • The vehicle’s warranty must cover the defect.
  • The defect must have been reported by the manufacturer or its authorized dealer to the warranty department or within the first 18 months or 18,000 miles of ownership, whichever comes first.
  • The manufacturer or its authorized representative must establish a reasonable number of attempts to fix the defect. The number of attempts necessary for fixing the nature of a defect varies, and its seriousness determines the number required for fixing the defect.
  • The damage must remain if the hole isn’t repaired after a minimal amount of effort, or the vehicle remains out of commission for a total of 30 days or more..

If a vehicle meets these criteria, the owner may be entitled to a reimbursement of the purchase price, minus a charge for usage.


Examples Of Common Issues That May Make A Car A Lemon

There are several types of issues that may make a car a lemon under California law. Some common examples of defects or non-conformities that can substantially impair a vehicle’s use, value, or safety include:

  • Engine problems cause the vehicle to stall, misfire, or fail to start.
  • Transmission problems cause the vehicle to shift wildly or fail to engage gears.
  • Faulty electrical equipment in the car may cause the lights, radio, or other features to stop working or fail.
  • The brake problem causes the vehicle to pull to one side or to stop properly.
  • Steering problems cause the vehicle to go to one side.
  • Suspension problems cause the vehicle to bounce or otherwise handle poorly.
  • Air conditioning or heating problems trigger the automobile’s climate control system to fail.
  • Water leaks can cause the car to become wet or damp.
  • Paint or body problems can lead to the finish of the vehicle peeling away.

There are various factors that could make a car a lemon, including particular circumstances and the state’s car lemon laws.


How To File A Lemon Law Claim

If you believe that your automobile qualifies for a lemon under California law, you might be able to file a claim under the lemon law. Here are the general steps to file a lemon law claim:

  • Keep records: Document all repairs and maintenance performed on the vehicle, detailing dates, descriptions of the repairs, and copies of repair orders and repair invoices.
  • Notify the manufacturer: Inform the manufacturer in writing that you believe your vehicle is a lemon and request that they order you to repurchase or replace the vehicle. Be sure to send the letter by certified mail and keep a copy of the letter and the certified mail receipt.
  • Allow the manufacturer to inspect the vehicle: The manufacturer may need to assess the automobile to inspect the issues you have reported it. You must intend on allowing the producer a reasonable period of time to fix the automobile and may need to bring the automobile to an authorized repair facility.
  • Seek legal advice: You may want to speak with a lemon law lawyer to gain more information regarding your rights and options.
  • File a complaint: If the car manufacturer does not consent to repurchase or exchange, you can submit a claim to the California Department of Consumer Affairs, which oversees lemon laws.
  • Attend mediation or arbitration: It might be possible that the manufacturer proposes a mediation or arbitration process in the event of a dispute. You may also be able to proceed with a lawsuit in court if mediation or arbitration does not work.


The specifics you must supply to a lemon law claim refine your particular circumstances and the type of law you experience. It is essential to consult with a lawyer or seek legal advice throughout the process to protect your interests and rights.


How A Lemon Law Attorney Can Help You With Your Lemon

Here are some examples of how a California lemon law attorney can help you with your lemon law claim:

  • Negotiating with the manufacturer: Lemon law attorneys can negotiate with the manufacturer on your behalf to request a reimbursement or replacement of the vehicle, along with reimbursement for sales taxes, registration fees, and rental car expenses.
  • Filing a lawsuit: If your negotiation attempts are unsuccessful, a lawyer who is well-versed in lemon law can file a lawsuit on your behalf in court and pursue a favorable outcome. The attorney can oversee the process in court, seeking a complete settlement.
  • Evaluating your claim: Lemon law attorneys can examine your claim and assist you in establishing if you have a case. They can also provide advice on the evidence and documentation you should have to back up your claim.
  • Protecting your rights: Lemon law attorneys can help you defend your rights through the claims procedure and make sure the manufacturer does not take advantage of you. They can also help you understand your rights and options during the legal process.
  • Knowledge of the law: Lemon regulation law attorneys understand the lemon law system well and can help you navigate the regulations of the claims action and the intricacies of California lemon law.
  • Contingency fee basis: Many lemon law attorneys work on a contingency fee basis, so they receive payment only after you win your case. This should make it simpler for you to afford legal representation.


Lemon law attorneys are a great resource for navigating claims, negotiating with the manufacturer, and taking legal action against a business when needed. They can ensure your rights are protected and that you get the compensation you deserve.


In a nutshell, if you find yourself in a situation where you’ve purchased a lemon car, don’t give up hope. The California Lemon Law is designed to protect consumers and ensure that they receive the compensation they deserve. By turning to a reputable lemon law attorney, you can navigate the legal process with confidence and increase your chances of achieving a favorable outcome. Remember, when life hands you a lemon car, a lemon law attorney can help you turn it into lemonade.